jungle

   Jungle is a form of dance music characterized by the use of high-speed (usually around 160 beats per minute), highly syncopated drums and simple looped bass lines. Early jungle records often used a reggae/ragga ‘toasting’ style lead vocal, while the newer ‘intelligent’ style (a term invented by the dance music press which many jungle artists disown as being too elitist) is usually accompanied by ethereal strings and female vocals, often incorporating elements borrowed from jazz.
   Jungle (sometimes also known as ‘drum ’n’ bass’) developed from the hardcore rave scene when DJs realized that the breakbeats they were playing were approximately twice the speed of 1970s dub records, and that the bass lines from these tunes could be played over the drums. In these formative years, a major factor was the exclusivity of records, with tunes frequently being pressed only on a few ‘dub plates’ —white labelled twelve-inch singles— over which DJs would vie with each other, much as had happened in the early years of the ska scene. A development of this was a plethora of small, independent record labels, which often released only records made by one artist, as in the case of Photek’s identically named imprint, or by a small, close-knit group of artists, as in, for example, the Good Looking/Looking Good label run by LTJ Bukem. Another facet of the jungle scene is a widespread use of aliases, with artists changing their identity with each genre they cover. A prime example would have to be 4 Hero, who also record as Tek 9, Tom & Jerry, Nu Era and Jacob’s Optical Stairway. As well as enabling more musical freedom, this tactic also allows artists to avoid being tied to any single record label, which means that jungle, perhaps more than any other style of music, is controlled by those who make it rather than being in the hands of the larger recording industry.
   Sometimes called the British answer to hip hop, jungle was primarily associated with urban, predominantly black youth from its beginnings around 1992–3, until artists such as Goldie and Alex Reece achieved wider success in 1995. This led to some artists, including Reece and Photek, signing to major labels, with jungle subsequently moving towards mainstream acceptance. 1995 also saw the distinctive rhythms of the music beginning to appear on techno records, and by 1996 jungle backings could be heard in television advertising.
   See also: clubs
   SIMON BOTTOM

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Synonyms:
(of brushwood, shrubs, and woods),


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • jungle — [ ʒœ̃gl; ʒɔ̃gl ] n. f. • 1796; mot angl., de l hindoustani jangal « steppe » 1 ♦ Dans les pays de mousson, Forme de savane couverte de hautes herbes, de broussailles et d arbres, où vivent les grands fauves. Les lianes de la jungle. « Le Livre de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jungle — usually refers to a dense forest in a hot climate, such as a tropical rainforest. The word Jungle originates from the Sanskrit word Jangala which means a desert or uncultivated land [http://www.answers.com/topic/jungle?cat=technology] . The term… …   Wikipedia

  • Jungle — ist ein Stil der elektronischen Musik, der sich durch schnelle gebrochene Rhythmen, sogenannte Breakbeats, auszeichnet. Der Stil entstand unter starken Einflüssen der Tradition von Raggamuffin und Dancehall aus dem britischen Hardcore. Jungle… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jungle — Jun gle (j[u^][ng] g l), n. [Hind. jangal desert, forest, jungle; Skr. ja[.n]gala desert.] 1. A dense growth of brushwood, grasses, reeds, vines, etc.; an almost impenetrable thicket of trees, canes, and reedy vegetation, as in India, Africa,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jungle — (n.) 1776, from Hindi jangal desert, forest, wasteland, uncultivated ground, from Skt. jangala s arid, sparsely grown with trees, of unknown origin. Specific sense of land overgrown by vegetation in a wild, tangled mass is first recorded 1849;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • jungle — ► NOUN 1) an area of land with dense forest and tangled vegetation, typically in the tropics. 2) a very bewildering or competitive place. 3) a style of dance music with very fast electronic drum tracks and slower synthesized bass lines. ● the law …   English terms dictionary

  • jungle — jun‧gle [ˈdʒʌŋgl] noun [singular] a situation in which a lot of people or businesses are competing with each other in a very determined way: • Without the free publicity, the firm would be lost in the jungle of TV advertising …   Financial and business terms

  • jungle — [juŋ′gəl] n. [Hindi jangal, desert forest, jungle < Sans jaṅgala, wasteland, desert] 1. land in a wet, tropical region, usually with large trees, dense underbrush, and a hot climate 2. any confused, tangled growth, collection, etc. ☆ 3. Slang… …   English World dictionary

  • Jungle — (engl., spr. Dschongl), s. Dschungeln. Daher Junglefieber (Sumpf od. Malariafieber), ein dem Typhus u. der Pest sich näherndes Wechselfieber …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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